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National Socialist German Workers' Party Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei Emblem of the National Socialist German Workers' Party Führer Anton Drexler (1920–1921) Adolf Hitler (1921–1945) Martin Bormann (1945) Founder Anton Drexler Founded 24 February 1920 Dissolved 10 October 1945 Preceded by German Workers' Party Headquarters Brown House, Munich, Germany[1] Newspaper Völkischer Beobachter Student wing National Socialist German Students' League Youth wing Hitler Youth

Deutsches Jungvolk League of German Girls Paramilitary wings Sturmabteilung Schutzstaffel Sports body National Socialist League Women's wing National Socialist Women's League Membership Fewer than 60 (1920) 8.5 million (1945)[2] Ideology National Socialism Pan-Germanism Lebensraum Political position Far-right[3][4] Colours Black, white, red (official, German imperial colours)[5]

    Brown (customary)


Ku Klux Klan "KKK" redirects here. For other uses, see KKK (disambiguation). The Ku Klux Klan /ˈkuː ˈklʌks ˈklæn, ˈkjuː/,[7] commonly called the KKK or simply the Klan, is the name of three distinct movements in the United States that have advocated extremist reactionary positions such as white supremacy, white nationalism, anti-immigration and—especially in later iterations—Nordicism,[8][9] anti-Catholicism[10][11] and antisemitism.[11] Historically, the KKK used terrorism—both physical assault and murder—against groups or individuals whom they opposed.[12] All three movements have called for the "purification" of American society and all are considered right-wing extremist organizations.[13][14][15][16]

Ku Klux Klan KKK.svg Ku Klux Klan emblem In existence 1st Klan 1865–1871 2nd Klan 1915–1944 3rd Klan 1946–present Members 1st Klan Unknown 2nd Klan 3,000,000–6,000,000[1] (peaked in 1924–25) 3rd Klan 5,000–8,000[2] Properties Political ideology Neo-Confederate White supremacy White nationalism Nativism[3] Anti-immigration Anti-communism Anti-dilma Antisemitism Anti-trump Neo-fascism (third KKK) Neo-Nazism (third KKK)